The pelvic floor muscles support the bladder and the bowel (Fig. 1a and 1b). They can weaken with age, illness, or hormonal changes. Weak pelvic floor muscles can lead to urine leakage. Pregnancy and childbirth can weaken the pelvic floor muscles in women. Weak pelvic floor muscles can lead to urine leakage. Prostate surgery, and in particular radical prostatectomy, can weaken the pelvic floor muscles in men.
A structured programme of exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles can improve urinary incontinence. It consists of a series of exercises to train the muscles, which is designed specifically for your needs.
European Urological Association – Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises